The oldest region of Australia, two hours north of Sydney, has experienced a remarkable evolution in recent decades and it has positioned itself as the area with the highest production in the country.

We all know the classic wine regions in the world, but we must pay special attention to others that are becoming reference areas in the industry on their own merits. This is the case of Australia, a country that today produces high-quality wines and up to 100 different varieties.

The country is divided into three wine regions. The first one is Western Australia, famous for its Chardonnay, the cultivation of Sauvignon Blanc, and its elegant blends of Cabernet and Merlot. The second is the South and Central region, which consists of the subregions of South Australia, New South Wales, and Queensland. It is the largest region in the country, known for the cultivation of Shiraz, Semillon, and Chardonnay. In it, the colder micro-regions produce excellent dry Riesliengs and Sauvignon Blanc. Finally, in the southernmost part of the island, we find Victoria and Tasmania, two subregions that make up a Pinot Noir and Chardonnay producing area, which produces more elegant red wines.

Even though all regions have their personal seal, today we are going to talk about New South Wales. It is located in the southern part of the island and it is characterized by a subtropical climate of strong contrasts. We emphasize its importance for being the first Australian state to cultivate the vine, specifically in 1788, ten years after the European settlers settled on the island. This region hosts several subzones: Hunter Valley, Mudgee, and Murrumbidge.

Which are the indigenous varieties of each zone?

Hunter Valley is one of the most famous sub-regions in Australia and the area where the wine of the country began to be commercialized. It is a very fertile sedimentary area close to Sydney. It produces wines based on Semillon, made without barrels. What stands out about these wines is their evolution, from being soft wines at the beginning, until they have settled as opulent wines in their maturity phase.

The Mudgee subzone is famous for producing excellent Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon. However, in the Murrumbidgee area, they grow varieties used for the production of white wine, such as Semillon or Trebbiano.

Now we know a little better the Australian wine and, specifically, the one from New South Wales. They use varieties that you may not have tasted, but it worth it to taste them through one of their wines, increasingly appreciated worldwide for their excellent quality. If you want to know more about the different cultivated varieties around the planet, do not forget to visit Wikibiome, a compilation of more than 300 grape varieties.