It is increasingly common to hear the word “sustainability” in different contexts, mostly in the case of economic activities, and especially in agriculture. But do we know exactly what it is?
In 1987, the former Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland drew up the Brundland Report as a result of the analysis of globalization policies and after admitting that economic and social progress was entailing a great environmental cost. According to this document, sustainability consists of “satisfying the needs of the current generation without compromising the capacity to satisfy the needs of future generations”.
So, could we say that current economic development is at odds with sustainability? Actually, the answer to this question is yes, but all is not lost. Achieving sustainable dynamics is easier than we might think. Specifically, as far as viticulture is concerned, there are more and more wineries that implement systems to avoid the continuous degradation of ecosystems.
The wine sector is increasingly committed to protecting the environment through the development of sustainable practices. Winemakers have been affected by the consequences of climate change, and not especially positively. Their vineyards have been victims of different adversities due to different meteorological phenomena, such as late frost, heavy hail or unexpected drought, which in some areas has led to the loss of total production. In addition, this year producers are preparing for an early harvest, which has even begun in some European regions, due to ripening of grapes because of high temperatures.
The era of climate change is lurking, and many winegrowers opt out of intrusive practices and introduce changes in vineyard management. They start optimizing resources such as water, developing soil moisture conservation systems; they go without spare phytosanitary products and fossil fuels; and continue to strengthen ecosystems with beneficial wildlife.
But in addition, preserving the vineyard biodiversity is a fundamental task when it comes to the conservation of the environment. The tendency of the markets to demand wines committed to the environment is increasing. Preserving and controlling the balance of the vineyard contributes not only to improving the positioning of wines in international markets and their differentiation, but also to their health. The greater the diversity, the higher is the ability of the vine to regulate itself, acquire nutrients and protect itself from various diseases.
Achieving this positive effect is as simple as performing continuous analytics that detect the microbial biodiversity of the vineyard, and carry out sustainable practices. WineSeq guarantees a complete analysis of all the microorganisms that live in the soil of the vine, and an early detection of diseases that can affect the correct development of the grape. Protecting the diversity of crops is in our hands. Let’s not let the ecosystem degrade!