In mid-winter and after the pruning, the vineyard is still in its dormancy period or vegetative stop. When temperatures start to rise and they get 10 ºC and heat is accumulated in the soil, the vines come out of their lethargy and activates the plant metabolism.
The sap flow emerges from the pruning wounds and it is one of the first signs of restarting activity in the plant. The temperature rise in soil activates the root system and the cellular respiration starts, as well as water and minerals absorption that move the vine reserves. That’s how the weeping of the vines begins, transparent drops that renew the inside of the plant and rich in organic compounds. The vine will grow thanks to the accumulated reserves and this weeping will heal the wounds produced by the pruning, warning therefore of the end of the dormancy period.
The start of the activity in the plant is an essential stage, and thus the perfect time to perform a soil test in the vineyard. Vines will proceed to take nutrients and minerals through their roots from the ground, which will determine its health and future development. That’s the reason why knowing the microbiological population of your vineyard will be really useful during the new cycle of the vine. Microorganisms communities present in soil play a key role both in soil productivity and disease resistance.
Disease detection before symptoms appear is possible when performing a WineSeq soil test. Just with a soil sample from your vineyard, we are able to analyze the pathogen microorganisms and fermentative species in order to determine the risk of developing diseases and the fermentative enhancers. If you just only want to know the fungal species present in vineyard soils, WineSeq Lite defines the fungal diseases of your vineyard. Discover all the tools that we make available for you to know the microbial population of your soils and improve your vineyard’s health.